As a family member of a U.S. citizen, you may qualify for a Green Card through the F-2B visa program.
This article will explain what the F-2B visa is all about and how you can apply for it.
The F-2B visas [Family-Based Green Card] allow you to sponsor your unmarried child or minor children for permanent residence in the United States.
How do I apply for an F-2B Visa?
The application process for the F-2B visa is very simple.
1. File Form DS-260
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has created the Form DS-260, which immigrants use to apply for permanent residence in the U.S. This form is submitted electronically.
2. Medical Examination and Vaccination
A complete medical exam includes checking your blood pressure, heart rate, height and weight, body mass index (BMI), and cholesterol level.
Vaccination refers to getting shots against diseases such as influenza, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, polio, hepatitis B, and others. These vaccines help prevent certain diseases from spreading.
3. Arrange documents into a folder.
Documents include passport, birth certificate, marriage license, divorce papers, letters from employers and friends, bank statements, pay stubs, insurance policies, etc.
4. Attend an interview.
You must attend an interview on priority dates with USCIS (the United States Citizenship & Immigration Services) to apply for the F-2B visa.
After attending the interview, you must file a petition with USCIS to allow your unmarried children to stay in the U.S. until they turn 21 years old.
In addition, you must provide proof that you have sponsored your child.
This includes documents showing that your child has health insurance coverage and enough money to support themselves while living in the U.S.
5. Get the NVC packet and travel to the U.S.
Receiving the National Visa Center (NVC) packet is the first step towards obtaining a visa to enter the United States.
After receiving the NVC packet, you should apply for a visa to enter the U.S. The application process takes approximately 3-4 weeks. Once you receive the visa, you can travel to the U.S.
What is the F-2B Visa?
The F-2B visa is a special type of nonimmigrant visa that allows foreign nationals to enter the U.S. to visit relatives.
To qualify for the F-2Bvisa, applicants must meet all of the following requirements:
• Be at least 21 years old.
• Have been sponsored by a parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, brother, sister, son, daughter, niece, nephew, first cousin, or second cousin.
• Must intend to return to their country of origin within six months after entering the U.S.
• Must be able to support themselves financially while living in the U.S. for the duration of their stay.
• Must have a valid passport and travel document.
• Must provide evidence of financial stability and proof of health insurance coverage.
• Must submit a completed Form I-864A Affidavit of Support.
• Must pass a background check.
• Must complete the entire process within two years of filing the petition.
Benefits of the F-2B visa
There are several benefits to applying for the F-2B Visa. Some of these include:
• Provides a path to permanent residency.
• Allows the applicant to remain in the U.S., even if they do not become citizens.
What is the F-2B Visa Application Process?
The F-2B Visa normally follows these steps:
- The sponsor completes the petition form and sends it to USCIS.
- NVC gets commonplace petition bureaucracy and documents.
- NVC sends a package deal to the beneficiary to explain the next steps.
What are the Next Steps in the F-2B Visa Application Process?
- Once the adult child applicant gets the package from the NVC, they’ll need to anticipate a visa slot to be available.
- Keep in mind that an applicant may have to wait till next year for the utility procedure to begin if the cap has already been reached for that particular year.
- When a slot turns to be had, the applicant should fill in the online Form DS-260 (Immigrant Visa Electronic Application).
- You must print out the confirmation web page and number once you’ve finished the form. This data wishes to be blanketed to your bundle of documents to send to the NVC.
What are the requirements for the F-2B visa?
All F2B visa applicants must provide a passport, birth certificate, affidavit of support, two photos, medical exam and vaccinations, court and criminal records, and a police certificate.
How long is the F-2B visa processing time?
No set time determines when an immigrant visa will become available. You should apply as soon as possible after your priority date becomes current.
What are the F-2B visa fees?
Different fees must be met before an immigrant can apply for a green card.
The most important ones include the filing fee (Form I-130) for the petition, processing fee for the Form DS-260, medical exam and vaccinations, and fees to get and translate all supporting documents.
USCIS Immigrant Fee is paid by immigrants when they apply for immigration benefits. This fee is mandatory for foreigners who want to immigrate to the United States.
How do I submit my F-2B Visa?
File Form I-130 to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Law Services. You can do it online, by mail, or both. USCIS must approve the petition, and your case goes to the National Visa Center.
Pay your fees and attach an affidavit of support. Complete Form DS-260 and include civil documents.
We are scheduling an interview at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate and waiting for a response about your visa.
Who is Eligible to be a Sponsor?
A sponsor must be a green cardholder. They must be the parent of the applicant. They must be able to prove this by providing proof of relationship.
They must be living in the United States and have a verified address within the country.
How do I prepare for the interview?
NVCs will tell you what documents you need to submit before attending the application forms interview by the immigration officer.
They will give you instructions about scheduling your medical exams and vaccinations.
You should register for courier service. This service will help you when the Embassy requires returning your passport and documents.
You should collect all the necessary documents. For each document, make sure you provide the originals or certified copies.
Remember, if you forget any document, you might delay your application process.
Who is Eligible for the F-2B Visa?
A green card allows you to stay in the U.S. permanently. It would help if you were above 21 and unmarried to apply for a green card.
Your child needs to be related to you by birth or adoption.
They also need to provide proof of this relationship. This includes a birth or adoption certificate proving parentage.
Why There’s a Visa Bulletin?
Immigrant visas are issued by lottery. There is a waiting list for every country. Families who apply for green cards must be ready to leave their home countries immediately if they get selected.
Each month, the U.S. government issues a list of immigrants who have been given visas to enter the United States.
This list shows the priority dates that have become current.
For example, the most recent list was published in April 2021. The first name listed in this list is Mark.
He received his visa last year, but he did not file his application until this year. Therefore, his priority date became current in January 2022.
Frequently Asked Questions
Question: Can a 2-year green card holder sponsor a child with a B1 visa under the age of 21?
Answer: Yes, if the child is not already a U.S. citizen or permanent resident (green card holder). The child must be unmarried and under 21 years old at the time of the sponsorship.
Question: What is the period for a Belgian to get a Green Card in the USA through the H1B?
Answer: A Belgian can apply for permanent residence in the U.S. after five years of working in the country. The process involves filing an application for adjustment of status (Form I-485) and then waiting for approval by USCIS.
The H-1B visa allows foreign workers to work in the U.S. for up to six years.
Question: Can I apply for an EAD on an H-2B visa?
Answer: Yes, you can apply for an EAD if you are currently working under an H-2B work permit. You will need to submit your application at least 30 days before your current H-2B expires.
Question: If my sister is a green card holder, will this affect my F1 visa with one refusal and one time-traveled to the U.S.?
Answer: Yes, it will affect your F1 visa. You can apply for a new H1B Visa if you have been refused before.
Question: Can I get an F-1 visa if my I-130 petition is pending?
Answer: Yes, you can apply for an F-1 visa even while USCIS is still processing your I-130 petition. However, it is important that you keep all of your documents together and organized to be easily accessible when needed.
Question: How to obtain an H-2B visa for America?
Answer: The H-2B program allows employers to hire foreign workers temporarily to fill seasonal jobs that Americans are unwilling or unable to do.
To qualify for this visa, you must prove that there aren’t enough qualified American workers available to perform your job. It would help if you also showed that you would pay at least the prevailing wage for the position.
Question: Can I file an F2B petition for my divorced daughter of over 21 years as a Green Cardholder?
Answer: Yes, you can file an F-2B petition for your daughter if she has been living outside of the U.S. for at least two years. You must also prove that she will be unable to live with her parents because they are no longer married.
Question: How to read the Visa Bulletin for the F2B category?
Answer: The Visa Bulletin is published by the U.S. Department of State and contains information about visa availability for foreign nationals who wish to enter the United States.
It lists countries that are eligible for visas under each of the six categories (F1-6) and those countries that have been designated as having a high degree of risk of terrorism.
Question: Why is the backlog for family-based visas/green cards (F1, F2A, F2B, F3, F4) so long?
Answer: The backlog for these visas has grown steadily since 2008, with around 1 million applications. In 2016, that number grew to over 2 million.
This is large because the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has not increased its processing capacity to handle the volume of applications.